Central Association of German Citizens of Jewish Faith

(Centralverein deutscher Staatsburger jüdischen Glaubens)
   Founded in 1893 by Raphael Loewenfeld, director of Berlin's* Schillertheater, the Cen-tralverein aimed to combat anti-Semitism* by underscoring the falsity of its allegations. Prosecuting anti-Semites in the courts and assisting in their defeat at the polls, it also worked to strengthen both Jewish and German consciousness while educating Jews* on ways to act that might preclude antagonists from embarrassing them. The Centralverein preserved these activities throughout the Weimar era and convinced numerous intellectuals and political leaders to sign declarations condemning anti-Semitism. Most German Jews, while not paid members, supported the Centralverein and its activities. Paid membership grew from 45,000 at the end of 1918 to a high of 72,400 in 1924. Shortly before Hitler* assumed power, membership stood at 64,000; this was somewhat more than 10 percent of the total population of Germans of Jewish faith. Only Zionists and some ultra-right-wing Jews spurned the Centralverein s activities.
   Donald Niewyk has highlighted three features of the Centralverein s work: (1) it confronted anti-Semites, via publications such as the weekly Central-Verein Zeitung, with a rational expression of the truth; (2) it subsidized efforts by antiracist parties, especially the SPD and the Center Party,* to defeat anti-Semites; and (3) it fostered a sense of security and confidence among Jews. In retrospect, this third feature was tragic. Through superb publications, a team of qualified lawyers, and a vast organization, it provided the false hope that truth, if widely disseminated, surely prevails.
   REFERENCES:Hans Bach, German Jew; Niewyk, Jews in Weimar Germany and So-cialist.

A Historical dictionary of Germany's Weimar Republic, 1918-1933. .

Look at other dictionaries:

  • CENTRAL-VEREIN DEUTSCHER STAATSBUERGER JUEDISCHEN GLAUBENS — (Ger. Central Association of German Citizens of Jewish Faith, abbreviated CV), organization founded in Berlin in 1893 to safeguard Jewish civil and social equality against rising German antisemitism. The Central Verein or CV advocated a German… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Jewish community of Gdańsk — The Jewish Community of Gdańsk (Danzig) dates back at least to the 15th century. For many centuries it was separated from the rest of the city. Under Polish rule, Jews acquired limited rights in the city in the 16th and 17th centuries. After the… …   Wikipedia

  • Jewish beliefs and practices in the reform movement — Jewish beliefs and practices have undergone dynamic changes and innovations in the reform movement of Judaism, known also as Progressive, Reform or Liberal Judaism. Due to its origins in Enlightenment era Germany, the reform movement has eyed… …   Wikipedia

  • Jewish history — is the history of the Jewish people, faith, and culture. Since Jewish history encompasses nearly four thousand years and hundreds of different populations, any treatment can only be provided in broad strokes. Additional information can be found… …   Wikipedia

  • German American — German Americans Deutschamerikaner …   Wikipedia

  • JEWISH IDENTITY — Through the ages Jewish identity has been determined by two forces: the consensus of thinking or feeling within the existing Jewish community in each age and the force of outside, often anti Jewish, pressure, which continued to define and to… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • EDUCATION, JEWISH — This entry is arranged according to the following outline. Bibliography at the end of a section is indicated by (†). in the biblical period the nature of the sources historical survey the patriarchal period and the settlement the kingdom the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Arab citizens of Israel — Infobox Ethnic group group = Arab citizens of Israel عرب إسرائيل (العرب الإسرائيليون) rlm;ערבים אזרחי ישראל Emile Habibi • Ahmed Tibi • Salah Tarif caption = population = 1,144,000 plus270,000 in East Jerusalem and the Golan Heights (2006) 19.7%… …   Wikipedia

  • PHILOSOPHY, JEWISH — This article is arranged according to the following outline: WHAT IS JEWISH PHILOSOPHY? recent histories of jewish philosophy biblical and rabbinic antecedents bible rabbinic literature hellenistic jewish philosophy philo of alexandria biblical… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • National Association for the Advancement of Colored People — Abbreviation NAACP …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.